Drawing on Motherhood: The Cartoons and Illustrations of Fanny Cory Cooney

A gray haired woman sits at a table. An inked cartoon is in front of her.

Fanny Y. Cory Cooney produced most of her cartoons at the dining room table, or in the living room on a drawing board that she perched on her lap. MHS Photo Archives PAc 95-13.2

For thirty years—from 1926 to 1956—newspaper readers across the country shared their morning coffee or evening pipe with “Sonny,” a rambunctious toddler always willing to share his unique take on the world. In all likelihood, few of those readers realized that the mischievous namesake of the internationally syndicated cartoon Sonnysayings was the creation of an unassuming ranch wife working from her rural Montana home located “27 miles from Helena . . . and ‘3 miles from anything.’” Drawing under the pen name F. Y. Cory, Fanny Cory Cooney crafted not only Sonnysayings, her longest-running and most popular effort, but two additional cartoons­—Other People’s Children and Little Miss Muffett—which also relied upon the humorous antics of impish youngsters.

Cartoon shows a girl standing next to a baby knocking down ABC blocks.

The caption to this classic Sonnysaying, written faintly in pencil below the image, reads “I’m letting Baby spoil my block house–But if Christmas wasn’t most here, I’d knock the stuffin’ out ob her.” Click on drawing for larger image. Fanny Cory Cooney, 1926, MHS Museum 2001.45.15

While Cooney’s comics meshed thematically with a number of other cartoons popular during the 1920s and 1930s, the artist herself did not fit the mold of women cartoonists, who were themselves a rarity in a male-dominated profession. Author Trina Robbins begins her book, Pretty in Ink: North American Women Cartoonists, 1896–2013, by identifying three notable twentieth-century women cartoonists who started their careers in the late 1890s as illustrators working in New York City. Of the three, Cooney was the only one whose lifestyle Robbins does not describe as “bohemian.”

Fanny Cory was born in Illinois in 1877. Following her mother’s death, her father moved the family to Helena where young Fanny—who “could not remember any time in her youth when she was not interested in drawing”—studied with the highly regarded, European-trained artist and educator Mary C. Wheeler. With Wheeler’s encouragement, after graduating from high school, Fanny followed her cartoonist brother, Jack Cory, east to New York. Years later, she remembered, “She [Wheeler] and I thought I was quite wonderful, but in New York they didn’t think so.” Fanny, however, was not easily deterred from pursuing her dream of becoming an illustrator.

Her ailing sister Agnes accompanied her on her move east. With Jack’s help, Fanny enrolled at the Metropolitan School of Fine Arts in New York City and joined the prestigious Art Students’ League. When Agnes’s health deteriorated, however, Fanny left school, determined to find work that would enable her to take care of her sister. She pounded the streets of New York, portfolio in hand, until St. Nicholas Magazine bought a drawing from her. “I was taken aback,” she later recalled, describing the editor’s offer of twelve dollars for the illustration. I “hesitated to tell him I thought it too much,” she continued, so “he kindly reduced it to ten dollars.” By 1897, Fanny was selling her illustrations regularly to St. Nicholas Magazine as well as other national periodicals, including Harper’s Bazaar, Scribner’s, Youth’s Companion, McClure’s, and Saturday Evening Post. In addition, she received commissions to illustrate a number of books, including two works by Frank Baum—The Master Key and The Enchanted Island of Yew—as well as a 1902 edition of Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Almost all of her illustrations were either for or depicted children, and critics praised her original style and her wry humor.

Drawing shows a toddler tumbling out of a two-wheeled wagon. A girl is hanging onto her doll looking at the toddler falling. A boy is holding the reins, which are attached to the bucking calf.

Harper and Bros. published this lithograph in 1904. The poem beneath it reads “Last time we visited the farm/It would’ve made you laugh;/ We thought it really wouldn’t harm/To harness up the calf./ I guess we wasn’t laughing then—/And we won’t try it soon again! Click on picture for larger image. MHS Museum 1999.57.08

When Agnes died in 1902, a bereft Fanny returned to Montana. Two years later, she married Fred Cooney, who owned a ranch on the Missouri River near the community of Canyon Ferry. Finding the story of the rancher and the illustrator newsworthy, the Minneapolis Tribune covered their union in a lengthy article titled, “Romantic Marriage of the Girl Who Draws Cute Babies: Won like the Heroine in a Melodrama.” Initially, Cooney attempted to pursue her career as an illustrator, but, following the births of her three children-—Sayre, Robert, and Ted—the demands of motherhood took precedence and, according to author Douglas Green, she “illustrated only those books which had a special appeal to her.” This changed in the mid-1920s when, spurred by the need for money to send Sayre to art school and the boys to college, Cooney decided to return to work. At Jack’s suggestion, instead of focusing on illustration, she turned her attention to creating a newspaper cartoon, and Sonnysayings was born.

In a 1930 newspaper interview, Cooney related that her hardest task with the character of “Sonny”’ was “to keep him from growing up.” The interview continued:

Close association with children and a study of childhood antics which filled notebooks during early years on the ranch have made it possible to continue the cartoon. Not only our own family but the neighbors as well feel a personal interest in ‘Sonny’,” she says. “They call up instantly if one of their children makes a bright remark. Strangers and readers also send occasional childish remarks which have been sent throughout the newspaper world via “Sonningsayings.” One lady assured me that she had been almost standing over her two little girls with pencil and notebook in hand, waiting for bright or precocious remarks, but that “The dumb little things never said a word worth writing down.”

A boy covered with jam looks guiltily over his shoulder while handing a toddler a jar with a spoon in it. Writing surrounds the drawing. On top: Sonnysayings by F.Y. Cooney. On left: a faint purple "SYNDICATE". At bottom: The caption. At right in red pencil: Release Sept 24. 12 picas wide.

“Here baby, You hold ‘iss nice jar ob jam for brother, will yer?” This Sonnysaying ran in newspapers across the country on September 24, 1927. Click on drawing for larger image. MHS Museum 2001.45.96

Fred Cooney died in 1946. Seven years, later the backwaters of Canyon Ferry Dam flooded most of the Cooneys’ cherished ranch. But Fanny continued producing Sonnysayings and Little Miss Muffett until arthritis and failing eyesight led to her retirement in 1956. She moved to the Puget Sound area to be near her daughter, Sayre, and died there in 1972, just shy of her ninety-fifth birthday. KL

Interested in learning more? Read Bob Cooney and Sayre Cooney Dodgson’s article,“Fanny Cory Cooney: Montana Mother and Artist,” published in Montana The Magazine of Western History 30, no. 3 (Summer 1980): 2-17. You can find links to the full text of all Montana The Magazine of Western History articles relating to women’s history here.

 

Sources

Cooney, Bob, and Sayre Cooney Dodgson. “Fanny Cory Cooney: Montana Mother and Artist.” Montana The Magazine of Western History 30, no. 3 (Summer 1980): 2-17.

Cory, F. Y. A Fairy Alphabet. Helena: Riverbend Publishing, 2011.

“Fanny Y. Cory Took Up Her Work as an Illustrator after Twenty Years Layoff and Has Scored Success.” Indianapolis Star, April 20, 1930, MHS Museum “Artist’s File.”

F.Y. Cory Publishers, Inc., http://fycory.com/

Green, Douglas G. “Fanny Y. Cory.” Baum Bugle, Spring 1973.

“Illustrator Visits Admirer: Creator of ‘Sonnysayings’ in Capital on Way to New York.” Washington, D. C., Evening Star, undated.

“Indianapolis Has More than a Reading Claim on ‘Sonny,’ Appearing in the Star.” Indianapolis Star, March 30, 1930.

King, Judy. “Fanny Cory Cooney Visiting Son and Family in Helena.” Helena Independent Record, July 23, 1961.

Robbins, Trina. Pretty in Ink: North American Women Cartoonists, 1896-2013. Seattle: Fantagraphics Books, 2013.

“Romantic Marriage of the Girl Who Draws Cute Babies: Won Like the Heroine in a Melodrama.” Minneapolis Tribune, May 1, 1904.

Walter, Dave. “Fanny’s World: The Life and Art of Fanny Cory Cooney.” Montana Magazine, May-June 1988, 4-12 .

One thought on “Drawing on Motherhood: The Cartoons and Illustrations of Fanny Cory Cooney

  1. Pingback: Royal Rosamond & Fanny Y. Cory | rosamondpress

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *